The Tennessee State Library and Archives has undertaken a massive project to index the nearly 35,000 case files in its collection of documents from the Supreme Court. These documents are absolutely loaded with historical information that will benefit nearly every researcher.
Click here to search the index — note it is not yet complete!
The following information is from the TSLA introduction to this invaluable collection
About the Supreme Court Cases
The files located in the Tennessee Supreme Court Cases represent an especially valuable resource for historical and genealogical research at the Tennessee State Library and Archives [TSLA]. The volume of cases is extraordinary, with well over 10,000 boxes of material in storage. Chronologically, the cases encompass the period from about 1809 to approximately 1950. The scope of subjects discussed in the cases is equally impressive, comprising the full range of criminal cases as well as land issues, debt, slavery and estate disputes, among many others. The content of the case files range from very brief records to a complete summary of all the proceedings, sometimes involving hundreds of pages. Transcriptions of trial testimony from the lower courts, when they exist, usually appear in cases beginning in the late nineteenth century. Within the cases, one can discover details that throw light on personal data, community life and family relationships, making the Supreme Court cases an inestimable tool for genealogists.
Tennessee’s original constitution made no provision for a Supreme Court. Instead the state retained the court system of North Carolina, which comprised the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions and the Superior Court of Law and Equity. In 1809 the Tennessee legislature formed the Supreme Court of Errors and Appeals and, finally, the Constitutional Convention of 1834 created the Supreme Court as its own entity. The legislature fixed the seats of the Court — Knoxville, Nashville, and Jackson — to correspond with the three grand divisions of the state, East, Middle, and West. The Court heard appeals from both Circuit (criminal and civil cases) and Chancery (cases of equity) courts. Originally, the Supreme Court consisted of three judges; but, after the 1870, the number was set at five members.
A Work in Progress
Creating an index to the Supreme Court case files is a huge task, involving many members of the TSLA staff. Supplemented in the early stages by grants from the Supreme Court Historical Society and the Administrative Office of the Courts, the project continues with funding from the TSLAFriends and Ancestry.com. With more than 35,000 cases entered so far, we estimate the project is about 25% complete. Updates are being added to the website as the work progresses.