PENSIONS WERE OFFERED DURING THE 1800S
By Dallas Bogan
Reprinted with Permission from Dallas Bogan.
This article was published in the LaFollette Press.
Many, many years ago,
in 1883, there were about 50 Campbell Countians receiving pensions from
the Federal Government, either as veterans or widows or parents of veterans.
In 1883 the amount of money received for pensioners ranged from $2.00
to $18.00 per month. Names of these pensioners are familiar to many
present day Campbell Countians. Some of the names listed are the Sharps,
Dagleys, Dossetts, Mozingos, Wilson, etc.
There were three of the War of 1812 survivors
living in Campbell County in 1883, and several women receiving pensions
as widows of veterans of the War of 1812. Some reasons for awarding
the pensions were gunshot wounds, bronchitis and frozen feet.
The survivors of the War of 1812 still
living in 1883 were John Sharp of Fincastle, Thomas Chapman of Jacksborough
(Jacksboro) and James Bailey of Well Springs. Each of these men received
$18.00 per month. Mr. Sharp started receiving his pension in February
of 1872, Mr. Chapman in March of 1872, and Mr. Bailey in September of
Besides Mr. Chapman, eight other Jacksboro
men and 18 Jacksboro women received Federal pensions in 1883. Eight
of the 18 women were widows of veterans of the War of 1812.
All the women on the pension roll received
$8.00 per month. The Jacksboro women, widows of veterans of the War
of 1812 were: Zemah Gardner, Barbara Dagley, Jennie Dossett, Sarah Stepp,
Sarah Smith, Elizabeth Bullock, Dolly Ellison, Nancy Mozingo, and Rebecca
Cooper. Other Jacksboro women receiving pensions were Easter Hicks and
Mainda Sweat, listed as dependent mothers, and Esther Smiddy, Elmira
Sharp, Barbara Stout, Nancy Walton, Lydia Williamson, Ada Cooper, and
Hannah H. Gray, all listed as widows, probably of veterans of the Civil
Besides the War of 1812 veteran, Mr. Chapman,
other Jacksboro men receiving pensions in 1883 were John M. Hayes, who
drew $2.00 per month for a wound in the right thigh; John C. Hollingsworth
who also got $2.00 per month for a gunshot wound in the left arm; Franklin
Maples who drew $2.00 per month for a wound in the right thigh; Sylvester
Cooper got $6.00 per month for a fractured left leg; John Smiddy who
got $2.00 for a gunshot wound in the right hip; Stephen A. Woods who
got $8.00 per month for chronic rheumatism; Preston Willoughby who got
$4.00 per month for an abdominal injury; and Israel Wilson who got $2.00
per month for a gunshot wound in the left thigh.
The person drawing the largest pension
was Elisha Joy of Fincastle who got $18.00 per month for a gunshot wound
in the neck.
Besides Mr. Joy and Mr. Sharp, one of
the three surviving veterans of the War of 1812, the only other person
at Fincastle drawing a pension was Nancy Ivey, a widow of a veteran
of the War of 1812.
In the number of people receiving pensions, Well Springs was next to
Jacksboro. Nine women and seven men living at Well Springs were pensioners
Of the seven men one was the above mentioned
James Bailey, a veteran of the War of 1812. The other men were: James
Chadwell, receiving $2.00 per month for gunshot wound of the right foot;
Marion Hubbard, receiving $2.00 per month for frostbitten right foot;
Andrew J. Henegar, receiving $2.00 per month for gunshot wound of the
right leg; John McLane, who received $6.00 per month for an unspecified
cause; John W. Dossett was receiving $8.00 a month for a gunshot wound
in the right arm; and James E. Smith was getting $3.00 a month for a
gunshot sound in the left hand.
Of the nine women at Well Springs receiving
pensions, two were widows of veterans of the War of 1812. They were
Sophia Bailey and Wealthy Dossett. Two, Elizabeth Turner and Lena Mozingo,
were dependent mothers. The others were all widows of veterans, presumably
Civil War veterans. They were Mary Green, Nancy Miller, Phebe Lumpkins,
Sarah Butler and Mary Elmore.